07 Routine data from primary care practices serve to improve the healthcare system in Switzerland


The FIRE database is the first and so far only database in Switzerland that collects routine clinical data on outpatient care at the national level. This data is used both for quality assurance in outpatient care and to answer research questions on health care.

Portrait / project description (completed research project)

New GP practices were acquired for participation in the project and the necessary technical interfaces were developed. Furthermore, classification systems for the recording of 50 chronic diseases and a semi-automatic language processing algorithm for the categorisation of laboratory values were implemented. In addition, the requirements for data entry were developed based on a literature analysis and discussions with GPs. Subsequently, user training was conducted in the GP practices and its effectiveness evaluated. After the implementation of the system, the participants were divided into two groups that differed in the amount of compensation they received for participating in the project. By comparing the two groups, the optimal compensation for systematic data collection in GP practices was determined.


Routine data are an important basis for investigating questions about the health status and treatment of patients. However, the data basis in the outpatient sector in Switzerland is weak, fragmented or inaccessible for research. The most comprehensive database in the general practitioner (GP) sector in Switzerland - FIRE - has existed for around ten years and had 132 participating GP practices in 13 cantons at the start of the study in 2017.


The aim of the study was to recruit further GP practices for the standardised collection of routine data in the FIRE database and to determine the optimal level for their financial compensation. In addition, the quality of the data was to be checked and improved if necessary. In this way, a representative database was to be created in the GP sector in Switzerland.


The FIRE project established the first database in Switzerland with routine clinical data on outpatient care. In the course of the project, the number of participating doctors tripled: Around 700 GPs from over 200 German-speaking practices exported anonymised clinical routine data from their electronic medical records to the FIRE database. This corresponds to about ten percent of the GPs working in this field in Switzerland. Currently, the FIRE database contains over nine million consultation records with administrative information, diagnosis codes according to the International Classification of Primary Care 2nd edition (ICPC-2), laboratory and vital sign measures as well as medication plans and treatment regimens. This semi-automated process increases the quality of the available data and keeps the database constantly up-to-date.

Relevance / Application

Significance of the results for research:

Thanks to the expansion of the FIRE database and the improvement of data quality and availability, a sound and reliable database for health services research has been created. Routine medical data can be increasingly used secondarily and numerous health services research projects can now be realised.

Significance of the results for practice:

The FIRE database can further be used for quality assessments or the development of electronic decisions support tools, for example.

Original title

Establishing a nationwide collection of medical routine data in primary care – expanding the FIRE project

Project Leaders


  • PD Dr. med. Corinne Chmiel, Institut für Hausarztmedizin, Universität Zürich


  • Prof. Thomas Rosemann, Institut für Hausarztmedizin, Universität Zürich
  • Dr. Stefan Essig, Institut für Hausarztmedizin und Community Care, Universität Luzern
  • Dr. Andreas Zeller, Institut für Hausarztmedizin, Universität Basel
  • Dr. Sven Streit, Berner Institut für Hausarztmedizin (BIHAM), Universität Bern
  • Dr. Lilli Herzig, Institut universitaire de médecine de famille (IUMF), Université de Lausanne
  • Dr. Dagmar Haller-Hester, Département de santé et médecine communautaire, de premier recours et des urgences, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève (HUG)



Further information on this content


PD Dr. Corinne Chmiel UniversitätsSpital Zürich Institut für Hausarztmedizin der Universität Zürich Pestalozzistrasse 24 8091 Zürich +41 44 255 98 55

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